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Sunan At-Tirmidhi

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  • 1. The Book on Purification <> Zuivering 1 to 148
    2. The Book on Salat (Prayer) 149 to 451
    3. The Book on Al-Witr 452 to 487
    4. The Book on the Day of Friday 488 to 529
    5. The Book on the Two Eids 530 to 543
    6. The Book on Traveling 544 to 616
    7. The Book on Zakat 617 to 681
    8. The Book on Fasting 682 to 808
    9. The Book on Hajj 809 to 964
    10. The Book on Jana'iz (Funerals) 965 to 1079
    11. The Book on Marriage 1080 to 1145
    12. The Book on Suckling 1146 to 1174
    13. The Book on Divorce and Li'an 1175 to 1204
    14. The Book on Business 1205 to 1321
    15. The Chapters On Judgements From The Messenger of Allah 1322 to 1385
    16. The Book on Blood Money 1386 to 1422
    17. The Book on Legal Punishments (Al-Hudud) 1423 to 1463
    18. The Book on Hunting 1464 to 1492
    19. The Book on Sacrifices 1493 to 1523
    20. The Book on Vows and Oaths 1524 to 1547
    21. The Book on Vows and Oaths 1548 to 1618
    22. The Book on Virtues of Jihad 1619 to 1669
    23. The Book on Jihad 1670 to 1719
    24. The Book on Clothing 1720 to 1787
    25. The Book on Food 1788 to 1860
    26. The Book on Drinks 1861 to 1896
    27. Chapters on Righteousness And Maintaining Good Relations With Relatives 1897 to 2035
    28. Chapters on Medicine 2036 to 2088
    29. Chapters On Inheritance 2090 to 2115
    30. Chapters On Wasaya (Wills and Testament) 2116 to 2124
    31. Chapters On Wala' And Gifts 2125 to 2132
    32. Chapters On Al-Qadar 2133 to 2157
    33. Chapters On Al-Fitan 2158 to 2269
    34. Chapters On Dreams 2270 to 2294
    35. Chapters On Witnesses 2295 to 2303
    36. Chapters On Zuhd 2304 to 2414
    37. Chapters on the description of the Day of Judgement, Ar-Riqaq, and Al-Wara' 2415 to 2522
    38. Chapters on the description of Paradise 2523 to 2572
    39. The Book on the Description of Hellfire 2573 to 2605
    40. The Book on Faith 2606 to 2644
    41. Chapters on Knowledge 2645 to 2687
    42. Chapters on Seeking Permission 2688 to 2735
    43. Chapters on Manners 2736 to 2858
    44. Chapters on Parables 2859 to 2874
    45. Chapters on The Virtues of the Qur'an 2875 to 2926
    46. Chapters on Recitation 2927 to 2949
    47. Chapters on Tafsir 2950 to 3369
    48. Chapters on Supplication 3370 to 3604j
    49. Chapters on Virtues 3605 to 3956


    1. The Book on Purification <> Zuivering, Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 1 to 148
    1. The Book on Purification <> Zuivering

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    Chapter 1: What Has Been Related That Salat Is Not Accepted Without Purification

    Ibn `Umar narrated that:

    "Salat will not be accepted without purification, nor charity from Ghulul(1)." (Sahih)
    Hannad said in his narration, "except with purification(2)". (Abu 'Eisa said:) This Hadith is the most correct thing on this topic, and the best. There are also narrations on this topic from Abu Al-Malih, from his father; and Abu Hurairah, and Anas. And Abu Al-Malih bin Usamah's name is Amir, and they also say it was Zaid bin Usamah bin 'UmaIr Al-Hudhali.

    (1) Ghulul refers to goods stolen from war booty, or concealed, before it is divided among the soldiers. It also carries the general meaning of unlawful wealth. See Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi.
    (2) That is, "Salat will not be accepted, except with purificaiton." And Hannad is one of the narrators.

    Comments:
    If a person is at a place where the water for ablution or soil for Tayammum is not available, as sometimes it is the case such as on an aeroplane, the A'immah hold different views regarding this. As for our opinion, the easy solution of it is that two prayers should be combined; combination with the former prayer or with the latter one; and if the journey is long then as a patient keeps medicine with him, likewise a traveler should have soil with him/her so that in the time of need he can make Tayammum. Allah knows best!

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1
    In-book reference : Book 1, Hadith 1
    English translation : Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 1

    Chapter 41: (About) What Is Said After Wudu [Wudu dua]

    Umar bin Al-Khattab narrated that:

    "Whoever performs Wudu, making Wudu well, then says: (Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah, wahdahu la sharika lahu, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasuluhu, Allahummaj'alni minattawwabin, waj'alni minal mutatahhirin) 'I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah Alone, there are no partners for Him. And I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. 0 Allah! Make me among the repentant, and make me among those who purify themselves.' Then eight gates of Paradise are opened for him, that he may enter by whichever of them he wishes." (Abu 'Eisa said:) There are narrations on this topic from Anas, and 'Uqbah bin 'Amir. Abu 'Eisa said: Zaid bin Hubbab (one of the narrators) has been contradicted in this Hadith of 'Umar. (He said:) 'Abdullah bin Salih, and others, reported it from Mu'awiyah bin Salih, from Rabi'ah bin Yazid, from Abu Idris from 'Uqbah bin 'Amir from 'Umar, and, from Abu 'Uthman from Jubair bin Nufair from 'Umar. There is incoherence (Idtirab) in this Hadith' chain. Not much of the Ahadith' reported on this topic are authentic. Muhammad said: "Abu Idris did not hear anything from 'Umar."

    Comments:
    This narration, just with the wording of the Declaration, exists in Sahih Muslim; and the addition of "Allahum-maj'al-nee minat-tawwabeena waj'alnee minal mutatahhireen" (0 Allah! Make me one of those who repent in abundance and make me of those who are clean and pure) this addition is proven authentic see Irwa'ul-Ghalil 1/135, and Al-Jami' As-Saghir 1/1112.

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 55
    In-book reference : Book 1, Hadith 55
    English translation : Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 55

    Chapter 77: Something Else About That [Kameel]

    Abu Hurairah narrated that:

    the Prophet said; "Is it that one of you intends to kneel in his Salat with the kneeling of the camel?"

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 269
    In-book reference : Book 2, Hadith 121
    English translation : Vol 1, Book 2, Hadith 269

    2. The Book on Salat (Prayer), Book 2, Hadith 149 to 451
    2. The Book on Salat (Prayer)

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    Chapter 1: What Has Been Related About Prescribed Times for Salat From The Prophet

    Ibn Abbas narrated that:

    Ibn 'Abbas narrated that the Prophet said: "Jibril (peace be upon him) led me (in Salat) twice at the House Ka'bah in Makkah. So he prayed Zuhr the first time when the shadow was similar to (the length of) the strap of a sandal. Then he prayed 'Asr when everything was similar (to the length of) the strap of a sandal. Then he prayed Ars when everything was similar (to the length of) its shadow. Then he prayed Maghrib when the sun had set and the fasting person breaks fast. Then he prayed 'Isha when the twilight had vanished. Then he prayed Fajr when Fajr (dawn) began, and when eating is prohibited for the fasting person. The second time he prayed Zuhr when the shadow of everything was similar to (the length of) it, at the time of 'Asr the day before. Then he prayed 'Asr when the shadow of everything was about twice as long as it. Then he prayed Maghrib at the same time as he did the first time. Then he prayed 'Isha, the later one, that is the later of the two night prayers: 'Isha, when a third of the night had gone. Then he prayed Subh when the land glowed. Then Jibril turned towards me and said: O Muhammad! These are the times of the Prophets before you, and the (best) time is what is between these two times." (Hasan)

    (Abu 'Eisa said:) There are narrations on this topic from Abu Hurairah, Buraidah, Abu Musa, Abu Mas'ud (Al-Ansari), Abu Sa'eed, Jabir, 'Amr bin Hazm, Al-Bara, and Anas.

    Comments:
    Subh: The times of prayers of the previous Prophets were also open and flexible; it does not mean that they were also obliged to offer five daily prayers and that their times were the same as ours.
    According to the above mentioned Ahadith, the prayers are to be performed within the prescribed time.

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 149
    In-book reference : Book 2, Hadith 1
    English translation : Vol 1, Book 2, Hadith 149

    Chapter 76: Raising The Hands For the Bowing Position [Rafa-ul-Yadain 3x]

    Salim narrated from:

    Salim narrated from his father (Ibn 'Umar) who said: "I saw Allah's Messengera when he opened the Salat, raising his hands [Rafa-ul-Yadain 3x] to the level of his shoulders; and (again) when he bowed, and when he raised his head from bowing." In his narration, Ibn Abi 'Umar added: "And he would not raise them between the two prostrations." (Sahih)

    Salim vertelde het verhaal van zijn vader (Ibn 'Umar) die zei: "Ik zag Allah's Boodschapper toen hij de Salaat opende, zijn handen opheffen naar het niveau van zijn schouders; en (opnieuw) toen hij boog, en toen hij zijn hoofd ophief van het buigen. "In zijn verhaal voegde Ibn Abi 'Umar eraan toe:" En hij zou ze niet omhoog brengen tussen de twee buigingen.'

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 255
    In-book reference : Book 2, Hadith 107
    English translation : * Vol 1, Book 2, Hadith 255

    Salim narrated: [Rafa-ul-Yadain 3x]

    Abu 'Eisa said: (Another chain) which is similar to the Hadith of Ibn Abi 'Umar (no. 255). He said: There are narrations on this topic from 'Umar, 'Ali, Wa'il bin Hujr, Malik bin Al-Huwairith, Anas, Abu Hurairah, Abu Humaid, Abu Usaid, Sahl bin Sa'd, Muhammad bin Maslamah, Abu Qatadah, Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari, Jabir, and 'Umair Al-Laithi. Abu 'Eisa said: The Hadith of Ibn 'Umar is a Hasan Sahih Hadith. The sayings of some of the people of knowledge among the Companions of the Prophet are in accord with this, among them are Ibn 'Umar, Jabir bin 'Abdullah, Abu Hurairah, Anas, Ibn 'Abbas, 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair and others. And from those among the Tabi'in: Al-Hasan Al-Basri, 'Ata, Tawus, Mujahid, Nafi, Salim bin 'Abdullah, Sa'eed bin Jubair, and others. It is also the opinion of (Imam Malik, Ma'mar, Al-Awza'i, Ibn 'Uyainah,) 'Abdullah bin A1-Mubarak, Ahmad and Ishaq. 'Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak said: 'The Hadith about raising the hands is confirmed as authentic." And he mentioned the narration of Az-Zuhri from Salim, from his father.
    He did not confirm the Hadith of Ibn Mas'ud; that the Prophet did not raise (his hands) except for the first time. This was narrated to us by Ahmad bin 'Abdah Al-Amuli: "Wahb bin Zam'ah narrated to us, from Sufyan bin 'Abdul-Malik, from 'Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak." (He said: Yahya bin Musa narrated to us, he said: "Isma'il bin Abi Uwais narrated to us, he said: 'Malik bin Anas held the view that the hands are raised in the Salat. Yahya said: 'Abdur-Razzaq narrated to us, he said: "Ma'mar held the view that the hands are raised in the Salat." And I heard Al-Jarfud bin Mu'adh saying: "Sufyan bin Uyainah, 'Umar bin Harun, and An-Nadr bin Shumail would raise their hands when they started the Salat, when they bowed, and when they raised their heads.") (Sahih)

    Comments:
    Imam Al-Bukhari stated in his booklet (Juz Raf ul-Yadain; which is about raising the hands before and after Ruku') that from none of the noble Companions is it proven contrary to raising hands before and after Ruku. Hafiz Ibn Hajar and Imăa Muhammad bin Nasr Marwazi quoted that scholars of all cities, except the people of Al-Kufah, agreed that raising hands before and after Ruku is proven from the Shari'ah.

    Abu 'Eisa zei: (Een andere keten van overleveraars) die vergelijkbaar is met de Hadith van Ibn Abi' Umar (nr. 255). Hij zei: Er zijn vertellingen over dit onderwerp van 'Umar, Ali, Wa'il bin Hujr, Malik bin Al-Huwairith, Anas, Abu Hurairah, Abu Humaid, Abu Usaid, Sahl bin Sa'd, Muhammad bin Maslamah, Abu Qatadah, Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari, Jabir en 'Umair Al-Laithi. (14 personen) Abu 'Eisa zei: De Hadith van Ibn' Umar is een Hasan Sahih Hadith. De uitspraken van sommige van de mensen van kennis onder de metgezellen van de profeet zijn hiermee in overeenstemming, waaronder Ibn 'Umar, Jabir bin 'Abdullah, Abu Hurairah, Anas, Ibn 'Abbas, Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (6 personen) en anderen. En van degenen onder de Tabi'in: Al-Hasan Al-Basri, 'Ata, Tawus, Mujahid, Nafi, Salim bin 'Abdullah, Sa'eed bin Jubair (7 personen) en anderen. Het is ook de mening van A1-Awza'i (Imaam Malik, Ma'mar, Al-Awza'i, Ibn 'Uyainah) Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak, Ahmad en Ishaq. (3 personen) Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak zei: 'De Hadith over het opsteken van de handen wordt als authentiek <>betrouwbaar<> bevestigd.'
    Het verhaal van Az-Zuhri van Salim, van zijn vader. Hij bevestigde de Hadith van Ibn Mas'ud niet; dat de profeet niet opstond (zijn handen) behalve de eerste keer. Dit werd ons verteld door Ahmad bin 'Abdah Al-Amuli: "Wahb bin Zam'ah heeft ons verteld, van Sufyan bin' Abdul-Malik, van 'Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak.' Hij zei: Yahya bin Musa heeft ons verteld, hij zei: "Isma'il bin Abi Uwais heeft ons verteld, hij zei: 'Malik bin Anas was van mening dat de handen in de Salaat zijn toegenomen. Yahya zei: 'Abdur-Razzaq heeft ons verteld, hij zei: "Ma'mar was van mening dat de handen worden opgeworpen in de Salaat. "En ik hoorde Al-Jarfud bin Mu'adh zeggen:" Sufyan bin 'Uyainah, Umar bin Harun, en An-Nadr bin Shumail zouden hun handen opheffen toen ze de Salaat begonnen, toen ze bogen, en toen ze hun hoofd ophieven." (Sahih)

    Comments:
    Imam Al-Bukhari verklaarde in zijn boekje Juz Raf ul-Yadain; die gaat over het opheffen van de handen voor en na Ruku' (122 Hadith's) die uit geen van de nobele metgezellen is bewezen in tegenstelling tot het opheffen van de handen, voor en na Ruku. Hafiz Ibn Hajar en Imam Muhammad bin Nasr Marwazi geciteerd dat geleerden van alle steden, behalve de mensen van Al-Kufah, het ermee eens waren dat het opheffen van handen voor en na Ruku is bewezen van de Shari'ah.

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 256
    In-book reference : Book 2, Hadith 108
    English translation : * Vol 1, Book 2, Hadith 256

    Chapter 85: Something Else About That [Kameel]

    Abu Hurairah narrated that:

    That the Prophet said: "Is it that one of you intends to kneel in his Salat with the kneeling of the camel?" (Hasan) Abu 'Eisa said: The Hadith of Abu Hurairah is a Gharib Hadith, we do not know of it as a narration of Abu Az-Zinad (one of the narrators), except from this route. This Hadith has been reported by 'Abdullah bin Sa'eed A1-Maqburi, from his father, from Abu Hurairah, from the Prophet. 'Abdullah bin Sa'eed Al-Maqburi is weak according to Yahya bin Sa'eed A1-Qattan and others.

    Comments:
    Shaikh Al-AlbanI discussed this issue with detail in Irwa'ul-Ghalil under Hadith: 357; and he gave preference to the hands being placed on the ground before the knees. This is the true meaning and goal of the authentic Hadith.

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 269
    In-book reference : Book 2, Hadith 121
    English translation : Vol 1, Book 2, Hadith 269

    Chapter 99: What Has Been Related About [At-Tashahhud]

    Abdullah bin Mas'ud narrated:

    "Allah's Messenger taught us, that when we sit for every two Rak'ah we should say: (At-Tahyyatulillah, was-salawatu wattayybaat. As-salamu alaika ayyuhannabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu, as-salamu alaina wa ala ibadillahis-salihin. Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah wa ashadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa Rasuluh.) 'All greetings, prayers, and pure words are Allah. Peace be upon you O Prophet, and Allah's mercy and His blessings. Peace be upon us and all of the righteous worshippers of Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is Allah's servant and Messenger." (Sahih) He said: There are narrations on this topic from Ibn 'Umar, Jabir, Abu Musa, and 'Aishah. Abu 'Eisa said: The Hadith of Ibn Mas'ud has been reported from him through other routes, and it is the most correct Hadith (reported) from the Prophet, about At-Tashahhud. This is acted upon according to most of the people of knowledge among the Companions of the Prophet and those after them among the Tabi'in. It is the saying of Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Ibn Al-Mubarak, Ahmad, and Ishaq. Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Musa narrated to us: 'Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak informed us, from Ma'mar, from Khusaif who said: "I saw the Prophet in a dream. I said: '0 Messenger of Allah! The people disagree over the Tashahhud.' He said: 'Follow the Tashahhud of Ibn Mas'ud."

    Comments:
    1. Hafiz Ibn Hajar said, the wording of 'Tashahhud' is narrated from almost twenty four Companions with a slight difference; and it is agreed that reading any Tashahhud of these is allowed, but the most correct Hadith is of 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud, which is narrated through twenty chains from him, therefore reading this is generally preferred.
    2. Should the blessing upon the Prophet be invoked in the first Tashahhud or not? There is no clear evidence about it in the narrations. Therefore one group of the scholars are not in favour of invoking a blessing upon the Prophet in the first Tashahhud, while the other group of the scholars hold the opinion that invoking blessing upon the Prophet in the first Tashahhud is better; because invoking a blessing in the first Tashahhud is authentically reported to have been done by the Prophet in the night (voluntary) prayer. (Sunan An-Nasa'i, Night Prayer, chapter: How to perform nine for Witr, Hadith: 1712)

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 289
    In-book reference : Book 2, Hadith 141
    English translation : Vol 1, Book 2, Hadith 289

    3. The Book on Al-Witr, Book 3, Hadith 452 to 487
    3. The Book on Al-Witr

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    Chapter 1: What Has Been Related About The Virtue Of Al-Witr [Witr]

    Kharijab bin Hudhafah narrated:

    "Allah's Messenger came out to us and he said: 'Indeed Allah has assisted you with a Salat that is better for you than red camels: Al-Witr which Allah made for you between the Isha prayer till Al-Fajr has begun."

    GradeDa'if (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 452
    In-book reference : Book 3, Hadith 1
    English translation : Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith 452

    4. The Book on the Day of Friday, Book 4, Hadith 488 to 529
    4. The Book on the Day of Friday

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    5. The Book on the Two Eids, Book 5, Hadith 530 to 543
    5. The Book on the Two Eids

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    6. The Book on Traveling, Book 6, Hadith 544 to 616
    6. The Book on Traveling

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    7. The Book on Zakat, Book 7, Hadith 617 to 681
    7. The Book on Zakat

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    8. The Book on Fasting, Book 8, Hadith 682 to 808
    8. The Book on Fasting

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    8. The Book on Hajj, Book 8, Hadith 809 to 964
    8. The Book on Hajj

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    10. The Book on Jana'iz (Funerals), Book 10, Hadith 965 to 1079
    10. The Book on Jana'iz (Funerals)

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    11. The Book on Marriage, Book 11, Hadith 1080 to 1145
    11. The Book on Marriage

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    12. The Book on Suckling, Book 12, Hadith 1146 to 1174
    12. The Book on Suckling

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    13. The Book on Divorce and Li'an, Book 13, Hadith 1175 to 1204
    13. The Book on Divorce and Li'an

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    14. The Book on Business, Book 14, Hadith 1205 to 1321
    14. The Book on Business

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    15. The Chapters On Judgements From The Messenger of Allah, Book 15, Hadith 1322 to 1385
    15. The Chapters On Judgements From The Messenger of Allah

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    16. , Book 16, Hadith 1386 to 1422
    16.

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    17. The Book on Legal Punishments (Al-Hudud), Book 17, Hadith 1423 to 1463
    17. The Book on Legal Punishments (Al-Hudud)

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    18. The Book on Hunting, Book 18, Hadith 1464 to 1492
    18. The Book on Hunting

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    19. The Book on Sacrifices, Book 19, Hadith 1493 to 1523
    19. The Book on Sacrifices

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    20. The Book on Vows and Oaths, Book 20, Hadith 1524 to 1547
    20. The Book on Vows and Oaths

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    21. The Book on Military Expeditions, Book 21, Hadith 1548 to 1618
    21. The Book on Military Expeditions

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    22. , Book 22, Hadith 1619 to 1669
    22.

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    23. The Book on Virtues of Jihad, Book 23, Hadith 1670 to 1719
    23. The Book on Virtues of Jihad

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    24. , Book 24, Hadith 1720 to 1787
    24.

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    25. The Book on Clothing, Book 25, Hadith 1788 to 1860
    25. The Book on Clothing

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    26. , Book 26, Hadith 1861 to 1896
    26.

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    27. Chapters on Righteousness And Maintaining Good Relations With Relatives, Book 27, Hadith 1897 to 2035
    27. Chapters on Righteousness And Maintaining Good Relations With Relatives

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    28. Chapters on Medicine, Book 28, Hadith 2036 to 2088
    28. Chapters on Medicine

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    29. Chapters On Inheritance, Book 29, Hadith 2089 to 2115
    29. Chapters On Inheritance

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    30. Chapters On Wasaya (Wills and Testament), Book 30, Hadith 2116 to 2124
    30. Chapters On Wasaya (Wills and Testament)

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    31. Chapters On Wala' And Gifts, Book 31, Hadith 2125 to 2132
    31. Chapters On Wala' And Gifts

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    32. Chapters On Al-Qadar, Book 32, Hadith 2133 to 2157
    32. Chapters On Al-Qadar

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    33. Chapters On Al-Fitan, Book 33, Hadith 2158 to 2269
    33. Chapters On Al-Fitan

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    34. Chapters On Dreams, Book 34, Hadith 2270 to 2294
    34. Chapters On Dreams

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    35. Chapters On Witnesses, Book 35, Hadith 2295 to 2303
    35. Chapters On Witnesses

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    36. Chapters On Zuhd, Book 36, Hadith 2304 to 2414
    36. Chapters On Zuhd

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    37. Chapters on the description of the Day of Judgement, Ar-Riqaq, and Al-Wara', Book 37, Hadith 2415 to 2522
    37. Chapters on the description of the Day of Judgement, Ar-Riqaq, and Al-Wara'

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    38. Chapters on the description of Paradise, Book 38, Hadith 2523 to 2572
    38. Chapters on the description of Paradise

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    39. The Book on the Description of Hellfire, Book 39, Hadith 2573 to 2605
    39. The Book on the Description of Hellfire

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    40. The Book on Faith, Book 40, Hadith 2606 to 2644
    40. The Book on Faith

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    Chapter 18: What Has Been Related About The Splitting That Will Occur In This Ummah

    Narrated Abu Hurairah: [Seventy-three sects]

    that the Messenger of Allah said: "The Jews split into seventy-one sects, or seventy-two sects, and the Christians similarly, and my Ummah will split into seventy-three sects."

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2640
    In-book reference : Book 40, Hadith 35
    English translation : Vol 5, Book 38, Hadith 2640:

    Chapter 18: What Has Been Related About The Splitting That Will Occur In This Ummah

    Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr: [Seventy-three sects]

    that the Messenger of Allah said: "What befell the children of Isra'il will befall my Ummah, step by step, such that if there was one who had intercourse with his mother in the open, then there would be someone from my Ummah who would do that. Indeed the children of Isra'il split into seventy-two sects, and my Ummah will split into seventy-three sects. All of them are in the Fire Except one sect." He said: "And which is it O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "What I am upon and my Companions."

    GradeDa'if (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2641
    In-book reference : Book 40, Hadith 36
    English translation : Vol 5, Book 38, Hadith 2641:

    41. Chapters on Knowledge, Book 41, Hadith 2645 to 2687
    41. Chapters on Knowledge

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    42. Chapters on Seeking Permission, Book 42, Hadith 2688 to 2735
    42. Chapters on Seeking Permission

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    43. Chapters on Manners, Book 43, Hadith 2736 to 2858
    43. Chapters on Manners

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    44. Chapters on Parables, Book 44, Hadith 2859 to 2874
    44. Chapters on Parables

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    45. Chapters on The Virtues of the Qur'an, Book 45, Hadith 2875 to 2926
    45. Chapters on The Virtues of the Qur'an

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    46. Chapters on Recitation, Book 46, Hadith 2927 to 2949
    46. Chapters on Recitation

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    47. Chapters on Tafsir, Book 47, Hadith 2950 to 3369
    47. Chapters on Tafsir

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    48. Chapters on Supplication, Book 48, Hadith 3370 to 3604j
    48. Chapters on Supplication

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    49. Chapters on Virtues, Book 49, Hadith 3605 to 3956
    49. Chapters on Virtues

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    Naast het heilige woord van Allah zoals deze aan Mohammed was geopenbaard en de Koran werd vastgelegd, circuleerden in de eerste eeuwen na de dood van Mohammed nog een grote verzameling van uitspraken en overleveringen die aan Mohammed en zijn meest nabije volgelingen werden toegeschreven. Deze werden door verschillende islamitische schriftgeleerden verzameld in geschriften die bekend staan als de hadith, de ‘overlevering', en deze gelden, na de Koran, als de heilige boeken van de tweede rang.

    Aanvankelijk werden deze teksten geordend naar hun herkomst en een dergelijke verzameling, waarin voor iedere overlevering een volledige opsomming van de keten van getuigen (isnad) wordt opgegeven, staat bekend als een musnad. Onder de oudste hadith verzamelingen van deze soort genieten met name de twee volgende een hoog aanzien:

    • Al-Muwatta' (Muwatta' al-Imam Malik) <><> verzameld door Abu ‘Abdallah Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik ibn abu ‘Amir al-Asbahi (ca. 710-795).
    • Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal <><> verzameld door Abu ‘Abdallah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal (780-855).

    Later werden de overleveringen meer naar onderwerp in hoofdstukken geordend en een dergelijke hadith verzameling staat bekend als een musannaf (‘geordend'). Hiervan worden zes traditioneel als het meest betrouwbaar geacht en deze staan bekend als de al-kutub al-sitta (‘de zes boeken') of de zessahih's (de ‘gezonde' of ‘betrouwbare' boeken). Deze verzamelingen, die allen dateren uit de laatste helft van de negende en het begin van de tiende eeuw van de westerse jaartelling, zijn de volgende:

    • Sahih al-Bukhari
      verzameld door Abu ‘Abdallah Muhammad ibn Isma‘il ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Mughira al-Ju‘fi al-Bukhari (810-870). Volgens een latere overlevering zou al-Bukhari in zestien jaar tijd maar liefst 600 000 overleveringen hebben verzameld, waarvan hij slechts 7397 betrouwbaar genoeg achtte om in zijn sahih op te nemen.
    • Sahih Muslim <><> verzameld door Imam Abul Husain Muslim bin al-Hajjaj (817-875).
    • Sunan Abu Dawud <><> verzameld door Imam Hafiz Abu Dawud Sulaiman bin Ash'ath (817-888).
    • Sunan Ibn Majah <><> verzameld door Imam Muhammad Bin Yazeed Ibn Majah Al-Qazwini (824-886).
    • Sunan at-Tirmidhi <><> verzameld door Imam Hafiz Abu 'Eisa Mohammad Ibn 'Eisa At-Tirmidhi (825-892).
    • Sunan an-Nasa'i <><> verzameld door Imam Hafiz Abu Abdur Rahman Ahmad bin Shu'aib bin 'Ali An-Nasa'i (830-915).

    Sahih al-Bukhari en Sahih Muslim, die ook het meeste aanzien genieten, staan bekend als de al-sahihan (de twee sahih's).

    Daarnaast wordt ook nog vaak verwezen naar de volgende latere hadith verzamelingen:

    • Masabih al-Sunnah <><> verzameld door Abu Muhammad al-Husayn ibn Mas'ud ibn Mubammad al-Farra' al-Baghawi (1043-1122).
    • Mishkat al-Masabih <><> een uitbreiding en een commentaar op het vorige werk door Wali al-Din ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Tabrizi (???-1348).


    The Chapters on Salaat, Book 20: 0149 - 0451
    Salaat

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    Chapter :

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Engels reference: Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith
    Arabic reference : Book 1, Hadith

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    Moge Allah de Verhevene, aan een ieder wijsheid schenken en moge Zijn Zegeningen en Vrede op onze profeet Mohammed rusten.

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