Haroen Soebratie
Google
www soebratie.nl

In de naam van Allah, de Barmhartige, de Genadevolle.

Sunan Ibn Majah

De Hadith's wat vertaald is in nederlands, is aangeduidt met een * (ster). Wil u het zoeken druk u Ctrl+F en tikt u de * en [ in het scherm en u kunt doorzoeken in het hele bestand.

Sunan Ibn Majah

Sunan Ibn Majah is a collection of hadith compiled by Imam Muhammad bin Yazid Ibn Majah al-Qazvini (rahimahullah). It is widely considered to be the sixth of the six canonical collection of hadith (Kutub as-Sittah) of the Sunnah of the Prophet . It consists of 4341 ahadith in 37 books.

More information ....

  • Bronnen van de Hadith`s
  • Wijze van zoeken
  • Sahih al-Bhukari in Nederlands

  • The Book of the Sunnah 1 to 266
    1. The Book of Purification and its Sunnah 267 to 666
    2. The Book of the Prayer 667 to 705
    3. The Book of the Adhan and the Sunnah Regarding It 706 to 734
    4. The Book On The Mosques And The Congregations 735 to 802
    5. Establishing the Prayer and the Sunnah Regarding Them 803 to 1432
    6. Chapters Regarding Funerals 1433 to 1637
    7. Fasting 1638 to 1782
    8. The Masjids 688 to 741
    9. The Chapters on Marriage 1845 to 2015
    10. The Chapters on Divorce 2016 to 2089
    11. The Chapters on Expiation 2090 to 2136
    12. The Chapters on Business Transactions 2137 to 2307
    13. The Chapters on Rulings 2308 to 2374
    14. The Chapters on Gifts 2375 to 2389
    15. The Chapters on Charity 2390 to 2435
    16. The Chapters on Pawning 2436 to 2491
    17. The Chapters on Pre-emption 2492 to 2501
    18. The Chapters on Lost Property 2502 to 2511
    19. The Chapters on Manumission (of Slaves) 2512 to 2532
    20. The Chapters on Legal Punishments 2533 to 2614
    21. The Chapters on Blood Money 2615 to 2694
    22. The Chapters on Wills 2695 to 2718
    23. Chapters on Shares of Inheritance 2719 to 2752
    24. The Chapters on Jihad 2753 to 2881
    25. Chapters on Hajj Rituals 2882 to 3119
    26. Chapters on Sacrifices 3120 to 3161
    27. Chapters on Slaughtering 3162 to 3199
    28. Chapters on Hunting 3200 to 3250
    29. Chapters on Food 3251 to 3370
    30. Chapters on Drinks 3371 to 3435
    31. Chapters on Medicine 3436 to 3549
    32. Chapters on Dress 3550 to 3656
    33. Etiquette 3657 to 3826
    34. Supplication 3827 to 3892
    35. Interpretation of Dreams 3893 to 3926
    36. Tribulations 3927 to 4099
    37. Zuhd 4100 to 4341

    The Book of the Sunnah, Vol 1, Book 1: Hadith 1 to 266

    The Book of the Sunnah
    Top Index

    Abu Hurairah narrated that:

    The Prophet said: "Whatever I have commanded you do it, and whatever I have forbidden you, refrain from it."

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Arabic/English book reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 1:

    Abu Hurairah narrated that:

    The Prophet said: "Leave me as I have left you (Don't ask me the minor things that I have avoided to tell you). For those who came before you were doomed because of their questions and differences with their Prophets. If I commanded you to do something, then do as much of it as you can, and if I forbid you from doing something, then refrain from it."

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Arabic/English book reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 2:

    Abu Hurairah narrated that:

    The Prophet said: "Whoever obeys me, obeys Allah; and whoever disobeys me, disobeys Allah."

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Arabic/English book reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 3:

    Abu Ja'far said:

    "Whenever Ibn 'Umar heard a Hadith from the Messanger of Allah , he would not do more than it said, and he would not do less."

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Arabic/English book reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 4:

    Abu Darda' said:

    "The Messenger of Allah came out to us when we were speaking of poverty and how we feared it. He said: 'Is it poverty that you fear? By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, (the delights and luxuries of) this world will come to you in plenty, and nothing will cause the heart of anyone of you to deviate except that. By Allah, I am leaving you upon something like Bayda (white, bright, clear path) the night and day of which are the same.'"

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Arabic/English book reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 5:

    It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: [Rafa-ul-Yadain 3x]

    “I saw the Messenger of Allah raising his hands until they were parallel to his shoulders when he started the prayer, and when he bowed in Ruku, and when he raised his head from Ruku, but he did not raise them between the two prostrations.”

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Arabic/English book reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 5, Hadith 858:

    It was narrated that Malik bin Huwairith said that when the Messenger of Allah said Allahu Akbar, he would raise his hands until they were close to his ears; when he bowed in Ruku’ he did likewise, and when he raised his head from Ruku’ he did likewise.

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 5, Hadith 859:
    Arabic reference : Book 1, Hadith 279:

    1. The Book of Purification and its Sunnah, Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 267 to 666

    1. The Book of Purification and its Sunnah
    Top Home

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 267:
    Arabic reference : Book 1, Hadith 279:

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 267:
    Arabic reference : Book 1, Hadith 279:

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 267:
    Arabic reference : Book 1, Hadith 279:

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Book , Hadith :

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Book , Hadith :

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah :
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Book , Hadith :

    2. The Book of the Prayer, Vol 1, Book 2, Hadith 667 to 705

    2. The Book of the Prayer
    Top Home

    3. The Book of the Adhan and the Sunnah Regarding It, Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith 706 to 734

    3. The Book of the Adhan and the Sunnah Regarding It
    Top Home

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 3, Hadith :
    Arabic reference : Book 3, Hadith :

    4. The Book On The Mosques And The Congregations, Vol 1, Book 4, Hadith 735 to 802

    4. The Book On The Mosques And The Congregations
    Top Home

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 4, Hadith :
    Arabic reference : Book 4, Hadith :

    5. Establishing the Prayer and the Sunnah Regarding Them, Vol 1, Book 5, Hadith 803 to 1432

    5. Establishing the Prayer and the Sunnah Regarding Them
    Top Home

    It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: [Rafa ul yadain 3x]

    “I saw the Messenger of Allah raising his hands until they were parallel to his shoulders when he started the prayer, and when he bowed in Ruku’, and when he raised his head from Ruku’, but he did not raise them between the two prostrations.”

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 5, Hadith 858:
    Arabic reference : Book 5, Hadith 907:

    It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: [Dagile Masdjid]

    “A man entered the mosque when the Prophet was delivering the sermon. He said: ‘Have you prayed?’ He said: ‘No.’ He said: ‘Then pray two Rak’ah.’”

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 5, Hadith 1113:
    Arabic reference : Book 5, Hadith 1167:

    6. Chapters Regarding Funerals, Vol 1, Book 6, Hadith 1433 to 1637

    6. Chapters Regarding Funerals
    Top Home

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol , Book , Hadith :
    Arabic reference : Book , Hadith :

    7. Fasting, Vol 1, Book 7, Hadith 1638 to 1782

    7. Fasting
    Top Home

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 7, Hadith 1715:
    Arabic reference : Book 7, Hadith 1786:

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol 1, Book 7, Hadith :
    Arabic reference : Book 7, Hadith :

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    8. The Chapters Regarding Zakat, Vol 1, Book 8, Hadith 1783 to 1844

    8. The Chapters Regarding Zakat
    Top Home

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol , Book , Hadith :
    Arabic reference : Book 8, Hadith :

    9. The Chapters on Marriage, Vol 1, Book 9, Hadith 1845 to 2015

    9. The Chapters on Marriage
    Top Home

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol , Book , Hadith :
    Arabic reference : Book 9, Hadith :

    10. The Chapters on Divorce, Vol 1, Book 10, Hadith 2016 to 2089

    10. The Chapters on Divorce
    Top Home

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol , Book , Hadith :
    Arabic reference : Book , Hadith :

    11. The Chapters on Expiation, Vol 1, Book 11, Hadith 2090 to 2136

    11. The Chapters on Expiation
    Top Home

    GradeSahih (Darussalam)
    English reference : Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol , Book , Hadith :
    Arabic reference : Book , Hadith :

    12. The Chapters on Business Transactions, Vol 1, Book 12, Hadith 2137 to 2307

    12. The Chapters on Business Transactions
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    13. The Chapters on Rulings, Vol 1, Book 13, Hadith 2308 to 2374

    13. The Chapters on Rulings
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    14. The Chapters on Gifts, Vol 1, Book 14, Hadith 2375 to 2389

    14. The Chapters on Gifts
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    15. The Chapters on Charity, Vol 1, Book 15, Hadith 2390 to 2435

    15. The Chapters on Charity
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    16. The Chapters on Pawning, Vol 1, Book 16, Hadith 2436 to 2491

    1. The Chapters on Pawning
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    17. The Chapters on Pre-emption, Vol 1, Book 17, Hadith 2492 to 2501

    17. The Chapters on Pre-emption
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    18. The Chapters on Lost Property, Vol 1, Book 18, Hadith 2502 to 2511

    18. The Chapters on Lost Property
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    19. The Chapters on Manumission (of Slaves), Vol 1, Book 19, Hadith 2512 to 2532

    19. The Chapters on Manumission (of Slaves)
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    20. The Chapters on Legal Punishments, Vol 1, Book 20, Hadith 2533 to 2614

    20. The Chapters on Legal Punishments
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    21. The Chapters on Blood Money, Vol 1, Book 21, Hadith 2615 to 2694

    21. The Chapters on Blood Money
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    22. The Chapters on Wills, Vol 1, Book 22, Hadith 2695 to 2718

    22. The Chapters on Wills
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    23. Chapters on Shares of Inheritance, Vol 1, Book 23, Hadith 2719 to 2752

    23. Chapters on Shares of Inheritance
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    24. The Chapters on Jihad, Vol 1, Book 24, Hadith 2753 to 2881

    24. The Chapters on Jihad
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    25. Chapters on Hajj Rituals, Vol 1, Book 25, Hadith 2882 to 3119

    25. Chapters on Hajj Rituals
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    26. Chapters on Sacrifices, Vol 1, Book 26, Hadith 3120 to 3161

    26. Chapters on Sacrifices
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    27. Chapters on Slaughtering, Vol 1, Book 72, Hadith 3162 to 3199

    27. Chapters on Slaughtering
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    28. Chapters on Hunting, Vol 1, Book 28, Hadith 3200 to 3250

    28. Chapters on Hunting
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    29. Chapters on Food, Vol 1, Book 29, Hadith 3251 to 3370

    29. Chapters on Food
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    30. Chapters on Drinks, Vol 1, Book 30, Hadith 3371 to 3435

    30. Chapters on Drinks
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    31. Chapters on Medicine, Vol 1, Book 31, Hadith 3436 to 3549

    31. Chapters on Medicine
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    32. Chapters on Dress, Vol 1, Book 32, Hadith 3550 to 3655

    32. Chapters on Dress
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    33. Etiquette, Vol 1, Book 33, Hadith 3656 to 3826

    33. Etiquette
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    34. Supplication, Vol 1, Book 34, Hadith 3827 to 3892

    34. Supplication
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    35. Interpretation of Dreams, Vol 1, Book 35, Hadith 3893 to 3926

    35. Interpretation of Dreams
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :

    36. Tribulations, Vol 1, Book 36, Hadith 3927 to 4099

    36. Tribulations
    Top Home

    Chapter 17: The division of nations [Seventy-three sects]

    It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said:

    “The Jews split into seventy-one sects and my nation will split into seventy-three sects.”

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah 3991
    In-book reference : Book 36, Hadith 66
    English translation : Vol 5, Book 36, Hadith 3991:

    Chapter 17: The division of nations [Seventy-three sects]

    It was narrated from ‘Awf bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah said:

    “The Jews split into seventy-one sects, one of which will be in Paradise and seventy in Hell. The Christians split into seventy-two sects, seventy-one of which will be in Hell and one in Paradise. I swear by the One Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, my nation will split into seventy-three sects, one of which will be in Paradise and seventy-two in Hell.” It was said: “O Messenger of Allah, who are they?” He said: “The main body.”

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah 3992
    In-book reference : Book 36, Hadith 67
    English translation : Vol 5, Book 36, Hadith 3992:

    Chapter 17: The division of nations [Seventy-three sects]

    It was narrated from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah said:

    The Children of Israel split into seventy-one sects, and my nation will split into seventy-two, all of which will be in Hell apart from one, which is the main body.”

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah 3993
    In-book reference : Book 36, Hadith 68
    English translation : Vol 5, Book 36, Hadith 3993:

    37. Zuhd, Vol 1, Book 37, Hadith 4100 to 4341

    37. Zuhd
    Top Home

    Chapter :

    GradeHasan (Darussalam)
    Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah
    In-book reference : Book , Hadith
    English translation : Vol , Book , Hadith :


    Naast het heilige woord van Allah zoals deze aan Mohammed was geopenbaard en de Koran werd vastgelegd, circuleerden in de eerste eeuwen na de dood van Mohammed nog een grote verzameling van uitspraken en overleveringen die aan Mohammed en zijn meest nabije volgelingen werden toegeschreven. Deze werden door verschillende islamitische schriftgeleerden verzameld in geschriften die bekend staan als de hadith, de ‘overlevering', en deze gelden, na de Koran, als de heilige boeken van de tweede rang.

    Aanvankelijk werden deze teksten geordend naar hun herkomst en een dergelijke verzameling, waarin voor iedere overlevering een volledige opsomming van de keten van getuigen (isnad) wordt opgegeven, staat bekend als een musnad. Onder de oudste hadith verzamelingen van deze soort genieten met name de twee volgende een hoog aanzien:

    • Al-Muwatta' (Muwatta' al-Imam Malik) <><> verzameld door Abu ‘Abdallah Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik ibn abu ‘Amir al-Asbahi (ca. 710-795).
    • Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal <><> verzameld door Abu ‘Abdallah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal (780-855).

    Later werden de overleveringen meer naar onderwerp in hoofdstukken geordend en een dergelijke hadith verzameling staat bekend als een musannaf (‘geordend'). Hiervan worden zes traditioneel als het meest betrouwbaar geacht en deze staan bekend als de al-kutub al-sitta (‘de zes boeken') of de zessahih's (de ‘gezonde' of ‘betrouwbare' boeken). Deze verzamelingen, die allen dateren uit de laatste helft van de negende en het begin van de tiende eeuw van de westerse jaartelling, zijn de volgende:

    • Sahih al-Bukhari
      verzameld door Abu ‘Abdallah Muhammad ibn Isma‘il ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Mughira al-Ju‘fi al-Bukhari (810-870). Volgens een latere overlevering zou al-Bukhari in zestien jaar tijd maar liefst 600 000 overleveringen hebben verzameld, waarvan hij slechts 7397 betrouwbaar genoeg achtte om in zijn sahih op te nemen.
    • Sahih Muslim <><> verzameld door Imam Abul Husain Muslim bin al-Hajjaj (817-875).
    • Sunan Abu Dawud <><> verzameld door Imam Hafiz Abu Dawud Sulaiman bin Ash'ath (817-888).
    • Sunan Ibn Majah <><> verzameld door Imam Muhammad Bin Yazeed Ibn Majah Al-Qazwini (824-886).
    • Sunan at-Tirmidhi <><> verzameld door Imam Hafiz Abu 'Eisa Mohammad Ibn 'Eisa At-Tirmidhi (825-892).
    • Sunan an-Nasa'i <><> verzameld door Imam Hafiz Abu Abdur Rahman Ahmad bin Shu'aib bin 'Ali An-Nasa'i (830-915).

    Sahih al-Bukhari en Sahih Muslim, die ook het meeste aanzien genieten, staan bekend als de al-sahihan (de twee sahih's).

    Daarnaast wordt ook nog vaak verwezen naar de volgende latere hadith verzamelingen:

    • Masabih al-Sunnah <><> verzameld door Abu Muhammad al-Husayn ibn Mas'ud ibn Mubammad al-Farra' al-Baghawi (1043-1122).
    • Mishkat al-Masabih <><> een uitbreiding en een commentaar op het vorige werk door Wali al-Din ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Tabrizi (???-1348).


    Sunan Ibn Majah is a collection of hadith compiled by Imam Muhammad bin Yazid Ibn Majah al-Qazvini (rahimahullah). It is widely considered to be the sixth of the six canonical collection of Hadith (Kutub as-Sittah) of the Sunnah of the Prophet . It consists of 4341 ahadith in 37 books.

    Author bio:
    Abu `Abdullah Muhammad bin Yazid bin `Abdullah ar-Rab`i al-Qazvini, famously known as Ibn Majah, was born in 209 AH to a non-Arab tribe by the name of Rab`i in Qazvin (Iran). Various explanations have been given for his nickname, Ibn Majah, the more prominent being that Majah was his mother. Some scholars believe that Majah was the nickname of his father.

    Travels to learn Hadith:Ibn Majah spent his early years studying Hadith in his hometown of Qazvin, which had by then become a major center of hadith sciences. In 230 AH, at the age of 21 or 22, he travelled to various countries to seek more knowledge. He travelled to Khurasan, Iraq, Hijaz, Egypt and Sham to attend the gatherings of hadith scholars. He also studied under scholars in Makkah and Madinah, and later travelled to Baghdad, which, according to Imam adh-Dhahabi was the home of chains of narration and memorization the (Dar al isnad al `ali wal Hifz), the seat of the caliphate and knowledge. He never gave up on his quest for knowledge and continued his travels to Damascus, Homs, Egypt, Isfahan, Ashkelon, and Nishapur and became a pupil of the major scholars of Hadith of those times.

    His teachers:Imam Ibn Majah studied under some of the eminent teachers in Makkah, Madinah, and Qazvin. In Madinah, he studied under Hafiz Ibn Mus`ab az-Zubairi, Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-`Awfi, and Hafiz Ibrahim bin al-Mundhir. His teachers in Makkah were Hafiz Jalwani, Abu Muhammad Hasan bin `Ali al-Khilal, Hafiz Zubair bin Bakkar, the judge of Makkah, and Hafiz Salamah bin Shabib. Prominent among his teachers in Qazvin are `Amr bin Rafi` al-Bajali, Isma`il bin Tawbah, and Muhammad bin Abu Khalid al-Qazvini. He also studied under other renowned teachers like Jubarah bin Mughallis, Abu Bakr bin Abi Shaibah, Nasr bin `Ali Nishapuri, Abu Bakr bin Khallad al-Bahili, Muhammad bin Bashshar, Abul-Hasan `Ali bin Muhammad Tanafisi, and `Ali bin Mundhir.

    His students:Ibn Majah had a great number of pupils scattered far and wide, in Qazvin, Isfahan, Hamadan, Baghdad, and other places. Notable among them are `Ali bin `Abdullah al-Falani, Ibrahim bin Dinar al-Jarshi, Ahmad bin Ibrahim al-Qazvini, Hafiz Abu Ya’la al-Khalili, and Abu `Amr Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hakim al-Madani al-Isfahani.

    His rank among scholars:Imam Ibn Majah was a great Hadith scholar, interpreter of the Qur’an, and historian, whose rank has been acknowledged by various scholars of different ages. Imam adh-Dhahabi says, “Imam Ibn Majah remembered ahadith by heart. He was a critic in the field of Hadith Sciences, truthful, upright and a man of wide learning.” In Tadhkiratul-Huffaz he writes, “He was a great memorizer of ahadith and a Hadith scholar and Qur’an exeget of Qazvin.” Abu Ya`la al-Khalili said, “He was very trustworthy and an authority; and had a deep knowledge of the hadith sciences.” `Allamah Sindi said, “Among the Imams of hadith he had a high rank and was pious and a trustworthy scholar by consensus.”

    Works:Upon completing his education, Imam Ibn Majah dedicated the later years of his life to writing and left behind three great works: as-Sunan, at-Tafsir, and at-Tarikh. As-Sunan is a prominent collection of Hadith ranked sixth among the six sound books of hadith. At-Tafsir is a commentary on the Qur’an in which Imam Ibn Majah collected ahadith and comments of the companions and Tabi`in supported with chains of narrations. At-Tarikh is a great book of history and a manifestation of his knowledge and scholarship. The last two books, praised by scholars such as Ibn Kathir, no longer exist.

    Death:Imam Abu `Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Majah Al-Qazvini died on Monday, 22 Ramadan, in the year 273 AH at the age of 64. The poet, Muhammad bin Aswad al-Qazvini eulogized, “The loss of Ibn Majah weakened the column of the throne of knowledge and shook up its pillars.”

    His Sunan:The Sunan of Ibn Majah is a collection of a?adith mostly arranged according to Fiqh chapters, but also includes other topics such as ‘Aqidah, interpretation of dreams, tribulations, and asceticism. Sunan Ibn Majah is considered one of the greatest works of Hadith. When Imam Abu Zur`ah ar-Razi, a hadith authority of his time was shown this work, he remarked, “If this book reached the public, all or most of the existing Jami` would cease to be used.” These words were proven true later when Sunan Ibn Majah eclipsed several of the Jawami`, Musnad and Sunan of those times.

    Sunan Ibn Majah contains 37 books, 1560 chapters and 4341 ahadith. It includes 1339 additional ahadith, known as Zawa’id of Sunan Ibn Majah which are not found in the other five major books of Hadith. According to Fuwad `Abdul Baqi, of the 1339 additional ahadith contained therein, 428 ahadith are Sahin, 199 are Hasan, 613 Da`if, and 99 are Munkar (denounced) and Maudu` (fabricated). Sheikh Nasiruddin al-Albani, in his book Sahin wa Da`if Sunan Ibn Majah counted 948 Da`if ahadith.

    Ibn Majah did not write an introduction to his book, so the conditions for the ahadith in his collection are not explicit. However, there are indications that he was concerned with collecting as many ahadith as possible on Fiqh issues. Sunan Ibn Majah contains a larger number of ahadith than any of the other five books without repetition. It also includes a greater number of weak ahadith than the other five. Ibn Majah was enthusiastic about finding evidences for Fiqh issues. His purpose may have been to collect as many ahadith, and find the chain of narrations for the ahadith that were the basis of rulings on Fiqh issues of the time, regardless of their authenticity or chain of narrators.

    Certain qualities of Sunan Ibn Majah set it apart from the other books of Hadith and made it popular among scholars of all times:

    • It is written in an excellent style; the chapter titles are in harmony with the ?adith listed and follow the same order as books of Islamic Jurisprudence.
    • The chapters are well-ordered and well-arranged, with no repetition of a?adith (a quality lacking in other ?adith books).
    • It is brief but comprehensive with respect to legal rulings.
    • On several occasions, Ibn Majah identified ahadith that are Gharib (unfamiliar). Imam at-Tirmidhi had done this earlier, but Ibn Majah’s classification in some special chapters are unique.
    • Ibn Majah gives the name of the town the narrator of a ?adith belonged to.
    • He added 482 new Sahin ahadith that are not in the other five books of Hadith.
    • Sunan Ibn Majah includes 3002 ahadith that are common with the other five books, but Ibn Majah narrated them with different channels of narration. The multiplicity of channels strengthen these a?adith. This distinguishing quality is unique to Ibn Majah and is not found in any other book of Hadith.
    • It contains 1339 ahadith that are not found in any of the other five books. These additions, also known as Zawa’id have elevated Sunan Ibn Majah to the position of the “sixth of the Six”.

    Naast het heilige woord van Allah zoals deze aan Mohammed was geopenbaard en de Koran werd vastgelegd, circuleerden in de eerste eeuwen na de dood van Mohammed nog een grote verzameling van uitspraken en overleveringen die aan Mohammed en zijn meest nabije volgelingen werden toegeschreven. Deze werden door verschillende islamitische schriftgeleerden verzameld in geschriften die bekend staan als de hadith, de ‘overlevering', en deze gelden, na de Koran, als de heilige boeken van de tweede rang.

    Aanvankelijk werden deze teksten geordend naar hun herkomst en een dergelijke verzameling, waarin voor iedere overlevering een volledige opsomming van de keten van getuigen (isnad) wordt opgegeven, staat bekend als een musnad. Onder de oudste hadith verzamelingen van deze soort genieten met name de twee volgende een hoog aanzien:

    • Al-Muwatta' (Muwatta' al-Imam Malik) <><> verzameld door Abu ‘Abdallah Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik ibn abu ‘Amir al-Asbahi (ca. 710-795).
    • Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal <><> verzameld door Abu ‘Abdallah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal (780-855).

    Later werden de overleveringen meer naar onderwerp in hoofdstukken geordend en een dergelijke hadith verzameling staat bekend als een musannaf (‘geordend'). Hiervan worden zes traditioneel als het meest betrouwbaar geacht en deze staan bekend als de al-kutub al-sitta (‘de zes boeken') of de zessahih's (de ‘gezonde' of ‘betrouwbare' boeken). Deze verzamelingen, die allen dateren uit de laatste helft van de negende en het begin van de tiende eeuw van de westerse jaartelling, zijn de volgende:

    • Sahih al-Bukhari
      verzameld door Abu ‘Abdallah Muhammad ibn Isma‘il ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Mughira al-Ju‘fi al-Bukhari (810-870). Volgens een latere overlevering zou al-Bukhari in zestien jaar tijd maar liefst 600 000 overleveringen hebben verzameld, waarvan hij slechts 7397 betrouwbaar genoeg achtte om in zijn sahih op te nemen.
    • Sahih Muslim <><> verzameld door Imam Abul Husain Muslim bin al-Hajjaj (817-875).
    • Sunan Abu Dawud <><> verzameld door Imam Hafiz Abu Dawud Sulaiman bin Ash'ath (817-888).
    • Sunan Ibn Majah <><> verzameld door Imam Muhammad Bin Yazeed Ibn Majah Al-Qazwini (824-886).
    • Sunan at-Tirmidhi <><> verzameld door Imam Hafiz Abu 'Eisa Mohammad Ibn 'Eisa At-Tirmidhi (825-892).
    • Sunan an-Nasa'i <><> verzameld door Imam Hafiz Abu Abdur Rahman Ahmad bin Shu'aib bin 'Ali An-Nasa'i (830-915).

    Sahih al-Bukhari en Sahih Muslim, die ook het meeste aanzien genieten, staan bekend als de al-sahihan (de twee sahih's).

    Daarnaast wordt ook nog vaak verwezen naar de volgende latere hadith verzamelingen:

    • Masabih al-Sunnah <><> verzameld door Abu Muhammad al-Husayn ibn Mas'ud ibn Mubammad al-Farra' al-Baghawi (1043-1122).
    • Mishkat al-Masabih <><> een uitbreiding en een commentaar op het vorige werk door Wali al-Din ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Tabrizi (???-1348).



    Moge Allah de Verhevene, aan een ieder wijsheid schenken en moge Zijn Zegeningen en Vrede op onze profeet Mohammed rusten.

    Mocht u nog vragen hebben, dan kunt u altijd contact met mij opnemen. Klik hier

    Top


    Terug naar Haroen`s Religie pagina